primary soil

primary soil
первичная почва

Англо-русский словарь по экологии. 2011.

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  • Soil structure — is determined by how individual soil granules clump or bind together and aggregate, and therefore, the arrangement of soil pores between them. Soil structure has a major influence on water and air movement, biological activity, root growth and… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil map — is a map showing distribution of soil types and/or soil properties (soil pH, textures, organic matter, depths of horizons etc.) in the area of interest. It is typically the end result of a soil survey inventory, i.e. soil survey. Soil maps are… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil contamination — Excavation showing soil contamination at a disused gasworks. Soil contamination or soil pollution is caused by the presence of xenobiotic (human made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. This type of contamination… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil science — is the study of soil as a natural resource on the surface of the earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relation to the use and… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil pH — is the pH of soil water. It is based on the measurement of pH, which depends on the activity of hydrogen ions (H+) in a solution.There are many different methods to collect soil water, all which influence the measured soil pH in one way or… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil mechanics — is a discipline that applies principles of engineering mechanics, e.g. kinematics, dynamics, fluid mechanics, and mechanics of material, to predict the mechanical behavior of soils. Together with Rock mechanics, it is the basis for solving many… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil conservation — is set of management strategies for prevention of soil being eroded from the earth’s surface or becoming chemically altered by overuse, salinization, acidification, or other chemical soil contamination. The principal approaches these strategies… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil survey — Soil survey, or soil mapping, is the process of classifying soil types and other soil properties in a given area and geo encoding such information. It applies the principles of soil science, and draws heavily from geomorphology, theories of soil… …   Wikipedia

  • Soil texture — is a soil property used to describe the relative proportion of different grain sizes of mineral particles in a soil. Particles are grouped according to their size into what are called soil separates. These separates are typically named clay, silt …   Wikipedia

  • Primary succession — is one of two types of ecological succession and biological succession of plant life, and occurs in an environment in which new substrate, devoid of vegetation and usually lacking soil, is deposited (for example a lava flow). (The other type of… …   Wikipedia

  • soil science — soil scientist. pedology1. [1935 40] * * * Scientific discipline that investigates soils as primary natural resources at the surface of the Earth. It includes the subdisciplines of pedology (study of soil formation and classification), soil… …   Universalium


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